Allam likened the trading of the cryptocurrency to gambling, which he said is also forbidden under Islam “due to its direct responsibility in financial ruin for individuals.”
It was released as open-source software in 2009 and began 2017 with a value just below $1,000.
As of Tuesday afternoon, the cryptocurrency was valued at $13,915. The Grand Mufti said the cryptocurrency was risky as it is not regulated by any centralised authority.
He also said that both the “currency’s risk, as well as its high-profit potential, undermines Egypt’s ability to maintain and stabilize its own currency.”
The imam added that his fatwa was issued following consultations with a number of economic experts.
Sheikh Shawki Allam likened trading in bitcoin to gambling Getty An adviser to the Grand Mufti, Magdy Ashour, told Egypt Today that the virtual currency is “used directly to fund terrorists.”
“It has no set rules, which is considered as a contract annulment in Islam, that is why it is forbidden,” he said.
Egypt’s Dar al-Ifta, an institute and government body founded to represent Islam, has repeatedly warned against the digital currency, arguing that its lack of regulation creates opportunities for extremists to receive funding.
Last month, a woman based in New York was charged with laundering and wiring bitcoin, as well as other cryptocurrencies, to support the Islamic State militant group (ISIS).
While Egyptian authorities have been increasingly critical of cryptocurrencies, the African nation has stopped short of following in the footsteps of countries like Morocco, Bolivia and Bangladesh, which have issued formal bans on trading in bitcoin.